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Persoonlijk geldt voor mij, omdat mijn artsen er achter staan. En die ondersteunen dit omdat dit een heel veel gezonder alternatief zijn voor het roken van tabak.

Lijst met links voor elke arts die nog meent rokers de overstap naar E-sigaretten te moeten afraden :

Why should health care employees inform and advise smokers about E-cigarettes? Because this saves lives !!
There is enough evidence of that:

==> Video : Professor John Britton talks to the BBC about e-cigarettes

Amid the news that MPs will carry out an inquiry into e-cigarettes, Professor John Britton discusses e-cigs as a tool to help stop smoking, the gateway theory, the possibility of e-cigs on prescription and the effects of nicotine.

==>PHE publishes independent expert e-cigarettes evidence review


==>Cancer research UK


==>Study: US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health.
Changes in breathomics from a 1-year randomized smoking cessation trial of electronic cigarettes.
Smokers invited to switch to electronic cigarettes who completely abstained from smoking showed steady progressive improvements in their exhaled breath measurements and symptom scores. FeNo and eCO normalization is highly supportive of improved respiratory health outcomes and adds to the notion that quitting from tobacco smoking can reverse harm in the lung.


==>Cancer risk from e-cigarettes > 50 000 (thousand) fold lower than smoking, By Dr Farsalinos


==> Tobaccocontrol Research paper:
Comparing the cancer potencies of emissions from vapourised nicotine products including e-cigarettes with those of tobacco smoke
E-cigarette emissions span most of this range with the preponderance of products having potencies<1% of tobacco smoke and falling within two orders of magnitude of a medicinal nicotine inhaler.


==> Health impact of E-cigarettes: a prospective 3.5-year study of regular daily users who have never smoked
No significant changes could be detected over the observation period from baseline in the EC users or between EC users and control subjects in any of the health outcomes investigated. Moreover, no pathological findings could be identified on HRCT of the lungs and no respiratory symptoms were consistently reported in the EC user group.


==> E cigarette use in pregnancy. Presented by Professor Linda Bauld at GFN 2017 in Warsaw, Poland.


==> E-cigarettes safer than smoking says long-term study


==> Large national survey finds 2.9 million people now vape in Britain: For the first time over half don’t smoke
More than half of British vapers have now given up smoking tobacco


==> Toxicant and carcinogen exposure in nicotine replacement therapy and e cigarettes users compared with smokers and never smokers. Dr Lion Shahab, presented at GFN 2017 Warsaw, Poland.

==> Nicotine, Carcinogen, and Toxin Exposure in Long-Term E-Cigarette and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Users: A Cross-sectional Study.
Conclusion:Former smokers with long-term e-cigarette–only or NRT-only use may obtain roughly similar levels of nicotine compared with smokers of combustible cigarettes only, but results varied. Long-term NRT-only and e-cigarette–only use, but not dual use of NRTs or e-cigarettes with combustible cigarettes, is associated with substantially reduced levels of measured carcinogens and toxins relative to smoking only combustible cigarettes.

==> E-cigarettes safer than smoking says long-term study
E-cigarettes are less toxic and safer to use compared to conventional cigarettes, according to research published in Annals of Internal Medicine today (Monday).


==> Clearing the air around e-cigarettes


==> Switching to e-cigarettes could save 6.6 million American smokers: researchers

==> Use of smoking cessation products: A survey of patients in community pharmacies.
Despite having the highest rate of use, both nicotine gum (33.3%) and patches (24.4%) were reported to have lower rates of perceived efficacy. Electronic cigarette (97.9%) and varenicline (70.6%) had the highest rates of reported effectiveness.


==> Prevalence of population smoking cessation by electronic cigarette use status in a national sample of recent smokers
Notably, over half of daily e-cigarette users (52.2%) quit smoking in the last 5 years, a higher prevalence than any other demographic or behavioral subgroup. After adjusting for all covariates, this group was three times more likely than never e-cigarette users to be quit at the time of the survey.


==> Vaping may help explain record fall in UK smoking rates


==> Switching to e-cigarettes could save 6.6 million American smokers: researchers


==> Toxicologist Bernard Michael Mayer: Bad reputation of e-cigarette is scandal

==> Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes
Conclusions: Some e-cigarette users were dependent on nicotine-containing e-cigarettes, but these products were less addictive than tobacco cigarettes. E-cigarettes may be as or less addictive than nicotine gums, which themselves are not very addictive.


==> Blood Pressure Control in Smokers with Arterial Hypertension Who Switched to Electronic Cigarettes.


==> Study: Examining the Smoking and Vaping Behaviors and Preferences of Vape Shop Customers,65150,0,2.html
Participants reported health and to quit/reduce smoking as the most important reasons for initiating e-cigarette use. Approximately 62% were biochemically-verified smoking abstinent and 100% were using newer generation e-cigarette devices. A majority reported they preferred to buy e-cigarette supplies at vapor shops because of “access to staff who can help troubleshoot e-cigarette problems” (85%)


==> Ecigs Health Effects R Cranfield Nov 24 2015

==> Study: Smokers Who Switch to E-Cigarettes Exposed to Same Levels of Nicotine, Lower Carcinogen Levels
Those who switch completely to e-cigarettes may reduce their cancer risk, says Roswell Park/UCSF research team
Exposure to Nicotine and Selected Toxicants in Cigarette Smokers Who Switched to Electronic Cigarettes: A Longitudinal Within-Subjects Observational Study


==> Top Tobacco Control Experts To FDA: Studies of E-cigs Suggest More Benefit Than Harm (Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center) :
Researchers report that cigarette smoking rates have fallen more in the last two years than they have in the previous four or five years, and that this trend has coincided with the increase in e-cigarette use.


==> A randomised, crossover study on an electronic vapour product, a nicotine inhalator and a conventional cigarette. Part A: Pharmacokinetics
A randomised, crossover study on an electronic vapour product, a nicotine inhalator and a conventional cigarette. Part B: Safety and subjective effects
The Electronic Vapour Product (EVP) had a similar short-term safety profile to Nicorette® and relieved smoking urges and nicotine withdrawal symptoms to a similar extent as Nicorette® and CC. Unlike nicotine replacement therapies, the EVP may offer an alternative for those finding it difficult to quit the behavioural and sensorial aspects of smoking.


==> Video: Professors Marcus Munafo and Linda Bauld at E-Cigarette Summit 2015
Marcus Munafo presents on “Nicotine and Toxicant Exposure from E-Cigarettes”
Linda Bauld presents on “E-cigarette use in enclosed public places: how can research inform regulation? ”


==> Electronic cigarette use and harm reversal emerging evidence in the lung
In the only clinical study conducted to ascertain efficacy and safety of EC use in asthma, substantial improvements in respiratoryphysiology and subjective asthma outcomes have been reported.Exposure to e-vapor in this vulnerable population did not trigger any asthma attacks. To date, no formal efficacy and safety assessment of EC use in COPD patients has been conducted. There is only evidence from a case series of three inveterate smokers with COPD, who eventually quit tobacco smoking on their own by switching to an EC [21]. Significant improvement in quality of life and reduction in the number of disease exacerbations were noted. EC use was well tolerated with no reported adverse events.


==> Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review
This systematic review appraises existing laboratory and clinical research on the potential risks from electronic cigarette use, compared with the well-established devastating effects of smoking tobacco cigarettes. Currently available evidence indicates that electronic cigarettes are by far a less harmful alternative to smoking and significant health benefits are expected in smokers who switch from tobacco to electronic cigarettes.


==> Joint statement from Public Health bodies. E-cigarettes: an emerging public health consensus
We all agree that e-cigarettes are significantly less harmful than smoking. One in two lifelong smokers dies from their addiction. All of the evidence suggests that the health risks posed by e-cigarettes are relatively small by comparison.


==> E-cigarettes emit very high formaldehyde levels only in conditions that are aversive to users: A replication study under verified realistic use conditions
In realistic conditions, formaldehyde in e-cigarettes is lower than cigarette smoke. High levels of formaldehyde are produced in unrealistic (dry puff) conditions. Dry puffs should be avoided in the laboratory setting.  The high levels of formaldehyde emissions that were reported in a previous study were caused by unrealistic use conditions that create the unpleasant taste of dry puffs to e-cigarette users and are thus avoided.


==> Electronic cigarettes: no adverse effects on blood and oxygen supply to the heart
Electronic cigarette use does not cause any immediate adverse effects on coronary circulation and oxygen supply to the heart, according to a new study presented today in the European Society of Cardiology annual congress in Amsterdam.


==> Electronic cigarettes, contrary to tobacco, do not stiffen the arteries
A new study about electronic cigarettes was presented during the annual congress of the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging. The study evaluated the effects of electronic cigarettes on aortic elasticity, compared with the respective effects of tobacco cigarettes.


==> Comparative In Vitro Toxicity Profile of Electronic and Tobacco Cigarettes, Smokeless Tobacco and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Products: E-Liquids, Extracts and Collected Aerosols


==> Oral mucosal lesions in electronic cigarettes consumers versus former smokers.
CONCLUSIONS: We found no statistically significant differences in terms of total prevalence of OMLs between former smokers and ECs consumers. An increased prevalence of three specific types of OMLs was detected among ECs consumers.

==> An Assessment of Indoor Air Quality before, during and after Unrestricted Use of E-Cigarettes in a Small Room

In this study, the data suggest that any additional chemicals present in indoor air from the exhaled e-cigarette aerosol, are unlikely to present an air quality issue to bystanders at the levels measured when compared to the regulatory standards that are used for workplaces or general indoor air quality

==> Video: BBC – Trust Me I’m A Doctor – Are electronic cigarettes safe?


==> Electronic cigarettes: review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit.
This review begins to tell us, mostly from observational and survey data, that EC’s are less likely to induce nicotine dependence, less likely to be carcinogenic, and may help those who are trying to quit traditional cigarettes.


==> Comparison of select analytes in aerosol from e-cigarettes with smoke from conventional cigarettes and with ambient air
The e-cigarettes contained and delivered mostly glycerin and/or PG and water. Aerosol nicotine content was 85% lower than the cigarette smoke nicotine. The levels of HPHCs in aerosol were consistent with the air blanks (<2 μg/puff). Mainstream cigarette smoke HPHCs (∼3000 μg/puff) were 1500 times higher than e-cigarette HPHCs. No significant contribution of tested HPHC classes was found for the e-cigarettes.


==> Effect of Smoking Abstinence and Reduction in Asthmatic Smokers Switching to Electronic Cigarettes: Evidence for Harm Reversal
This small retrospective study indicates that regular use of e-cigs to substitute smoking is associated with objective and subjective improvements in asthma outcomes. Considering that e-cig use is reportedly less harmful than conventional smoking and can lead to reduced cigarette consumption with subsequent improvements in asthma outcomes, this study shows that e-cigs can be a valid option for asthmatic patients who cannot quit smoking by other methods


==> Prof Robert West :

==> The critic’s guide to bad vaping science – December 2016 Clive Bates

Answering the question or questioning the answer?

Boek van bekende wetenschappelijk onderzoekers waaronder Konstantinos Farsalinos :  Analytical Assessment of E-Cigarettes - From Contents to Chemical and Particle Exposure Profiles . Dit boek is te verkrijgen bij Lees meer over dit boek op deze site

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